WK10DQ: INFORMATION TO PATIENTS INSTILLING OPHTHALMIC DROPS AND OINTMENT
Eye drops and ointments have remained the most popular ophthalmic drugs, with the topical route being preferred because of effectiveness and safety. One of the most important elements in the administration of drops is ensuring the highest degree of hygiene, as any compromised state exposes the eye to new infections. Literature supports the optometric concern, where manual contacts are responsible for the biggest proportion of eye disease (Carnt et al., 2011).
While eye drops are primarily absorbed through the cornea, the process can also take place through the conjunctival mucosa, raising concerns over systemic reactions. The safety issue calls for paying attention to detail, where only one drop should be applied per instillation. Similarly, the bottle should be well shaken and the drop should be directed to the lower conjunctival fornix. One should close the eye for two minutes after administration. Another way of minimizing systemic effects is gently pressing the tear duct against the nose when the eye is closed, and wiping excess solution.
Unlike drops, ointments have a prolonged contact time, and the application is less frequent. The apparent advantage of a sustained concentration makes them ideal for night use. However, it is not used with contact lens. Hygiene should also be observed while the dosage should be a little ointment inside the lower eyelid. The application should be followed by blinking to help the ointment spread, as the administration is characterized by short-term blurring. The eye should also be wiped clean every time before instillation.
In case when the patient is a child or geriatric, the instillation is similar to the one done by adults. The only special instruction is handling, where one should seek the help from a third party while toddlers should be wrapped. The administration should be executed when the head is tilted backward or in a supine position, with eyes closed. The drop should be directed on the side closest to the nose. The application should subsequently be followed by eyelid rubbing to allow the drug bathe the eye (Mason & Stevens, 2010).
Carnt, N., Keay, L., Willcox, M., Evans, V., & Stapleton, F. (2011). Higher risk taking propensity of contact lens wearers is associated with less compliance. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, 34(5), 202-206.
Mason, I., & Stevens, S. (2010). Instilling eye drops and ointment in a baby or young child. Community Eye Health, 23(72), 15.
Individual, one-on-one Personal Mentoring in all Areas of your Ph.D. Research
Hello, my first mentor session was great. Aristocrat team gaves me tones of advise and offered a lot of support. I am feeling like i can get through this!! I have goals establihsed for this week and look forward to the next session. Thanks
I cannot begin to tell you how much the guidance and support i receive from your team. I am trying to finish chapter 4 an my chair continues to be vague and gives strange feedback. I have recommended this program to a colleague and he has enrolled with much success as well.
After i came back to the line for the decision on my proposal defense, I could hear the smile in my chairs oice as he said congratulations. Thank you Aristocrat.
Successfully defended my dissertation yesterday! Thank you again for all the help getting there Aristocrat!!!
I was stucked with my thesis writing and searching for best service, while Googol ate I found Aristocrat research Solutions. I have taken up thesis writing service from them. Really satisfied with their service, they helped me to understand my research also. I am Happy about their service.
I was counting my days for submission of my thesis, As I am working I Cannot concentrate on writing, so I seeked help from Aristocrat, They Helped me to complete my thesis on time and I submitted now.. Even there is a limited time they put their efforts to complete and delivered my product on time. Thank you for their efforts.
Experienced staffs, Ready to clarify our doubts at any time. Guided me to complete my research work. I was confused what, How and When to study. They gave complete guidance till I complete my research. Thank you for all.
I am Very happy that I found you in google. Trustworthy and have good scientific writers. I am really comfortable in your way of approach and updating the work. Thank you for the service. I received my Paper.
#4, 2nd Floor, Sri Durga Enclave, Natesan Avenue, OMR, Karapakkam, Chennai - 600097
Phone: +91 98945 95035